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Lagrange 2

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Lagrange 2

The L2 point lies on the line defined by the two large masses, beyond the smaller of the two. Here, the gravitational forces of the two large masses balance the centrifugal force on the smaller mass.

Example: On the side of the Earth away from the Sun, the orbital period of an object would normally be greater than that of the Earth. The extra pull of the Earth's gravity decreases the orbital period of the object, and at the L2 point that orbital period becomes equal to the Earth's.

The Sun–Earth L2 is a good spot for space-based observatories. Because an object around L2 will maintain the same orientation with respect to the Sun and Earth, shielding and calibration are much simpler. The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe is already in orbit around the Sun–Earth L2. The future Planck satellite, Herschel Space Observatory, Gaia probe, and James Webb Space Telescope will be placed at the Sun–Earth L2. Earth–Moon L2 would be a good location for a communications satellite covering the Moon's far side.

If the mass of the smaller object (M2) is much smaller than the mass of the larger object (M1) then L1 and L2 are at approximately equal distances r from the smaller object, equal to the radius of the Hill sphere, given by:

r \approx R \sqrt[3]{\frac{M_2}{3 M_1}}

where R is the distance between the two bodies.

This distance can be described as being such that the orbital period, corresponding to a circular orbit with this distance as radius around M2 in the absence of M1, is that of M2 around M1, divided by \sqrt{3}\approx 1.73.

Examples:

  • Sun and Earth: 1,500,000 km from the Earth
  • Earth and Moon: 61,500 km from the Moon

Lagrange 2 in Gundam

Anno Domini

An asteroid base (Rezorus)of the anti-government resistance base Katharon and CBS Celestial Being are located at L2 in the series.

Universal Century

The colonies of Side 3 are located at L2 in this universe.

External Links

Anno Domini Locations
Celestial Being
Moon Terminal | Krung Thep | Lagrange 1 | Lagrange 2 | Lagrange 3 | Lagrange 5 | Pacific Islands | Northwestern Africa
United Nations Forces / Earth Sphere Federation
Union of Solar Energy and Free Nations
Japan | MSWAD
Advanced European Union
Moralia | Ireland
Human Reform League
Taklamakan Desert | True Pillar
Middle Eastern Countries
Republic of Krugis | Kingdom of Azadistan | Kingdom of Suille

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