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Odessa (オデッサ, Odessa)
Odessa is an Eastern European city in the country of Ukraine, located on the northern shore of the Black Sea. The city served as a large resource center for the Earth Federation with several mining facilities located around the city. During the One Year War Odessa became a focal turning point in the war for both Federation and Zeon forces.
One Year War
The city was captured on March 1, U.C. 0079 during the Principality of Zeon's first Earth Drop Operation. Once captured, it became a large source of much needed resources to Zeon. Odessa was put under the control of Captain M'Quve, who supervised the mining operations here.
On November 7 Odessa became the target of a major Earth Federation Forces counteroffensive aimed at retaking the city and the destroying the lynchpin of the Principality supply network using 30% of the Federation Army. Over the next two days, Earth Federation Forces staged a blitzkrieg attack on the Zeon's defensive lines, breaking through and overwhelming them.
On November 9, Earth Federation Forces penetrates the last of the Zeon Occupation Force's defensive lines, triggering an ultimatum from the Zeon commander M'Quve, demanding that Federation Forces withdraw or face a nuclear attack. It is said General Revil simply signals to his communications officers not to respond to M'Quve. Fleeing the battlefield with other top Zeon officials in the Zanzibar-class mobile cruiser Madagascar just before Federation forces breaks through their base, M'Quve launches a single nuclear missile, but it is successfully disarmed by Amuro Ray's RX-78-2 Gundam.
Rear Admiral Yuri Kellerne uses nuclear land mines to cover the evacuation of his forces, when questioned by his officers he sarcastically calls them vaporization bombs.
After the battle, Odessa is fully liberated by Earth Federation Forces, but not before Zeon forces were able to transfer a large amount of Odessa's resources into outer space for them to use. Remaining Zeon forces isolated on Earth eventually surrender, although some, such as Yuri Kellerne, find their way to other Zeon-occupied bases, where they escape into space. This battle was the bloodiest battle on Earth ever fought and was also the turning point of the war with the tide turning in the favor of the Earth Federation.
Statistic of the Battle
|Earth Federation||Principality of Zeon|
|Mainforce||3,700,000 troops||900,000 troops (including reinforcement from Africa)|
|Reserve||Above 4,000,000 troops||About 80,000 troops (including reinforcement from Africa)|
|Tanks||Above 5,800 units||Above 2,000 units|
|Other Combat Vehicles||Above 9,000 units||Above 1,500 units|
|Mobile Suit||30 units||Above 100 units|
|Cannon||Above 25,000 barrels||About 10,000 barrel|
|Rocket artillery||Above 10,000 barrels||About 2,000 barrels|
|Fighter||Above 1,800 units||Above 600 units|
|Bomber||Above 3,300 units||Above 800 units|
|Auxiliary Machines||Above 800 units||Above 500 units|
|Land Cruiser||12 units of Big Tray-class||5 units of Dabude-class and 8 units of Gallop-class|
|Other||1 unit of Pegasus-class assault carrier, 6 fleets of Earth Federation Navy and unknown amounts of guerrilla fighters||200 units of Minovsky particle transmitter and 8 U-boat submarines stationed at Arabian Sea|
Soon after the success of this battle, Earth Federation Force began their counter-offensive on Earth to regain most parts occupied by Zeon during the course of war. It was assumed the survivors of this battle mostly resided secretly on the less Federation influenced Africa after the war ended and it may also be assumed that most of these remnants contributed to the remaining Zeon forces fighting against the Federation on Earth during First Neo Zeon War and Third Neo Zeon War.
|Universal Century Locations|
|A Baoa Qu/Gate of Zedan | Axis | Fifth Luna | Luna II | Moussa | Palau | Pezun | Solomon/Konpei Island|
|Antarctica | Augusta Base | Belfast | California Base | Dakar | Dublin | Great Canyon | Hickory | Hong Kong | Jaburo | Kennedy Spaceport | Kimberlite Base | Lahsa | Mount Kilimanjaro | Murasame Research Institute | New Guinea | New York | Odessa | Seattle | St. Anges | Sydney | Torrington Base|
|Aires City | Amman | Anaheim | Granada | Von Braun | Neo Cartagena|
|Cosmo Babylonia | Laplace | Londenion | Moon Moon | Side 1 | Side 2 | Side 3 | Side 4 | Side 5 | Side 6 | Side 7 | Side 8 | Sweetwater|
|Penta | Magallanica|